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  Hi all
Posted by: New Hammadi - Yesterday, 08:49 PM - Replies (2)

Hi all,

Haven't posted on a forum since 06 lol. Was looking through the big regions and liked your name. Good to meet you all

Continue reading..

Smile Form submission: Article Submission Form
Posted by: Zapatian Workers State - 02-17-2020, 07:57 AM - No Replies

Which region or organization are you from?: Lazarus/LazCorp

Select an Article Type: News Report -
[Image: 86PcEan.png]

Article Title: PRIME MOVERS: Courelli

Add Author/s: By Marcus Vespasian (Zapatian Workers State)

Image Goes Here: https://www.nationstates.net/images/flag...497826.png

Divider & Centering of Images [Editors Only]: [Image: DaegyoN.png]

Add Article Text: ZWS: Allow me to introduce myself. I am Zapatian Workers State, though you can call me ZWS. I'm a journalist for the Lazarene Gazette, and one of the columns I write is "PRIME MOVERS," which is an interview series focusing on important or influential NSers. This time around I thought I would conduct an interview with a member of the Admiralty Board of the Red Fleet and tried Sierra Lyricalia. However, he's not responding to me, so I was hoping that you would be more receptive

C: sure, yeah

ZWS: Cool, we'll start right now

Q1: Courelli, it is widely known that you are a member of the Admiralty Board of The Red Fleet, an organization whose power is widely felt in the domain of politically-motivated R/D. As the name implies, the Red Fleet is a Marxist-Leninist region. Can you tell us a little about the internal organization and administration of the Red Fleet?

C: The Fleet has a wide range of ranks, ranging from Sailor, the standard enlisted rank, to Fleet Admiral. The rank system is based on the principle of "to each according to their contribution" -- simply put, the more you participate in the Red Fleet, the quicker you'll progress!

Promotions and general Fleet policy are decided by the Admiralty Board -- TRF's central decisionmaking body -- which is comprised of the Fleet Admiral (myself) and the Squadron Admirals.

Currently, the Red Fleet has two squadrons: Huey P. Newton Squadron for our comrades from the Americas, and Sankara Squadron for our comrades from Europe, Asia, Africa, etc.. Each squadron is headed by, as previously mentioned, a Squadron Admiral (or sometimes two). Currently, the Squadron Admirals are comrades Sierra Lyricalia and Ubertas for Huey P. Newton Squadron, and comrades Ayanka and Trabardia for Sankara Squadron. Squadron Admirals are responsible for much of the day-to-day work of TRF, such as tracking operation participation and training Sailors and Officers in their squadron.

ZWS: Q2: Can you elaborate a little on the official selection process of designating the Fleet Admiral and individual Squadron Admirals? In specific, are the Admiralty Board's decisions made through the procedure of democratic centralism, direct majority vote, or some other method?

C: Members of the Admiralty Board are selected by the Admiralty Board itself. I was first promoted to Squadron Admiral of Huey P. Newton Squadron by Fleet Admiral Caelapes (a.k.a. Misley) and Sankara Squadron Admiral Freien. Upon the retirement of comrade Caelapes, I was promoted to Fleet Admiral via the same procedure.

Regarding votes, the Admiralty Board usually acts on consensus; that is, we hammer out a proposal we all can agree to, unanimously. Sometimes, this is easy -- such as when considering promotions of outstanding Sailors. Other times, the process can be more lengthy -- although an example doesn't come to mind. Overall, I'd say the Admiralty Board is a mighty fine team -- I'm lucky to have such dedicated comrades alongside me in the antifascist fight.

ZWS: Q3: The Red Fleet boasts of being the scourge of fascism on the NS seas. Is there any one fascist organization that presents more trouble than the rest or any particular military operation that you have partaken in and are especially proud of?

C: Regarding fascist organizations: while we take all fascist threats seriously, we are particularly amused by the constant fascist attempts to create their own interregional military (akin to an "anti-antifa"), the latest being "The Interregional Axis." This alliance, like all other fascist alliances, will inevitably end as a failure, brought down by their own internal squabbling and power struggles.

Regarding military operations: I am still particularly proud of the destruction of The Iron Confederacy. Within minutes of Hispanyo (TIC's Founder) being deleted by NS moderators, TRF officers were already working with our colleagues in Antifa to plan the downfall of the region. Little did we know that this would turn into a days-long attrition run, as TRF sailors (alongside Antifa troops) attended every update for days, slowly chipping away at the fascists' influence until they had no choice but to succumb to our might. Every single TRF sailor showed utmost dedication to our mission, and, if I remember correctly, were awarded the Order of the Partisan Star, TRF's medal for exceptional dedication and solidarity in the antifascist struggle.

ZWS: Q4: In addition to anti-fascism, the Red Fleet's ideology is fiercely anti-capitalist. However, the greater Antifa alliance is not explicitly anti-capitalist and does not restrict its membership solely to socialist members and regions (e.g. The Kingdom of Great Britain). Does this cause any tensions on occasion, and how would the Red Fleet reconcile its anti-capitalist mission if an avowedly capitalist region were to attempt to join Antifa?

C: Yeah, it has caused some tension before, unfortunately. Not too long ago, the Antifa admin team (which I am on) instituted a blanket ban on political/ideological conversations (aside from anti-fascism, of course) in an attempt tp reduce the likelihood of any potential hostility. I believe that it has worked.

Should an avowedly capitalist region join Antifa, we'll keep on doing what we're best at: rooting out fascism across NationStates. That doesn't make TRF any less committed to anti-capitalism -- it just means that we won't let the most formidable anti-fascist alliance in the game be brought down by internal squabbling.

ZWS: Q5: Per Marx's injunction against superstitious and religious beliefs as the opium of the people, one might imagine that the Red Fleet is also antagonistic toward regions based on theological systems. One that comes to mind is Right to Life, represented historically by the prolific and widely popular WA reformer United Massachusetts. Do you have any comment on this?

C: It's my opinion that NationStates has more pressing issues to tackle. Furthermore, if my memory serves me correctly, United Massachusetts & RTL participated in the Antifa operation in The Iron Confederacy. It was a surprise, to be sure, but a welcome one -- "fash-bashing" can truly bring together the seemingly-opposed.

ZWS: Q6: Do you have any advice for the poor and oppressed wage slaves of LazCorp about how their current form of government may be improved? For instance, a recent issue has been the political elite's hesitance to legislate a more highly dynamic and adaptable military policy, preferring a small task force whose sole purpose is to conduct mock operations. As a consummate and active raider who would know the occupational geopolitical risks better, do you think that this insistence upon total neutrality might be too limiting or naive?

C: In all honesty, I'm not too familiar with how Lazarus operates, so I think I'll sit this one out. I'm always interested in learning, though! I'll be sure to keep an eye out for developments on this issue in the future.

Solidarity with the poor and oppressed wage slaves of LazCorp, though!

Continue reading..

  MT RP: Diplomatic Immunity
Posted by: Hekarys - 02-16-2020, 10:49 PM - No Replies

Diplomatic Immunity

[Image: 444409]

A devastating attack on a multinational diplomatic summit targets delegates from several nations, sending worldwide tensions soaring as the nations victimized by the attack immediately scramble to discover the source of the threat. Suspicions abound, and with so many nations assuming their war-footing in the wake of the attack, the world is on a knifes-edge.

Will your nation work to find the truth and reestablish peace? Or will your nation seize the opportunity to fire the opening shots under the shadow of a war?... 


RP will be focused around the situation following the attack on the diplomatic summit. There are many opportunities for players of all kinds: Exercise your Political or diplomatic skills to try and salvage peace from a desperate and chaotic global situation, Use your subterfuge and discretion to move in the shadows; seek out intelligence or take covert action to bring the perpetrators to justice... or to tip the scales in your favor against a rival nation,  or just take a chance to embroil your military in a regional conflict that could soon prove borderless.

(This is intended for more serious roleplayers, All are welcome to join, but be willing to do some research and learn about global politics or military strategy before you commit to an action, the impact may not be what you intend! Bear in mind this is just an exercise in being creative and developing a story, so dont worry about any lasting effects or penalties to your Regional standing, just take your time and enjoy!)

Interested players submit an RP application in the Sign-up Thread prior to posting in this Thread. 
Military actions will be moderated based off of the size of the force employed, the timeframe of action, and the counter-action of other forces. 
No God-Modding/Retconning/Flooding
NPC actions will be taken by the Moderator
Modern Tech, based off of Nearest IRL Counterpart to your nation (general factbooks are acceptable on review)

Continue reading..

  RP Application Thread : "Diplomatic Immunity"
Posted by: Hekarys - 02-16-2020, 10:49 PM - No Replies

Interested Players submit the following information in a reply to this post, and I will review and respond with either Approved, or any adjustments that may need to be made. 
Bear in mind this is a MT RP, and we are shooting for realism and storytelling with this one, so keep any military deployments realistic, and try not to approach this as a "play to win" scenario. Take your time to develop the world, your nation, and the story!

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION: (this is generally in relation to the closest IRL counterpart to your NS nation)
RP ROLE(s): ( What involvement would you like your nation to have in the RP? (Military, Diplomatic, Covert Intelligence, etc.))
SIZE OF FORCE: (If involving your nations military, describe the size of the force you are deploying)
NOTABLE CHARACTERS: (List any specific RP characters you would like to note for reference such as diplomats, military commanders, national leaders... Include a brief description of appearance, background, job title, etc.)

World map will be in the works for later, but for now just use good old Earth and google maps as a reference, or if you want to color in a rough area for a visual, this is a good tool. Generally, just a rough guesstimate at the size and location of your nation by description will suffice for now.

Continue reading..

Smile Form submission: Article Submission Form
Posted by: Zapatian Workers State - 02-16-2020, 12:18 PM - No Replies

Which region or organization are you from?: Lazarus/LazCorp

Select an Article Type: News Report -
[Image: 86PcEan.png]

Article Title: Educational Bulletin: The Anatomy of the Eye

Add Author/s: By Marcus Vespasian (Zapatian Workers State)

Image Goes Here: https://2bc387df4b97da6426f9-8bacd8d1dce...e-full.png

Divider & Centering of Images [Editors Only]: [Image: DaegyoN.png]

Add Article Text: Hello once again to the good people of Lazarus!

You may or may not know me as Zapatian Workers State, but I've been a proud shareholder of LazCorp since last summer/fall. Having written a few interview columns for the paper, I thought I would try something different this time. That is this time I'm publishing an educational/informational bulletin within the paper. Today's topic concerns the anatomy and physiology of the eye!

Let's begin, shall we?

The first thing to know about the structure of the eyeball as it rests in its orbit within the skull is that it can be characterized by a tripartite division between a superficial fibrous tunic, an deeper pigmented tunic, and farthest to the interior, the retina. To start out with, the fibrous tunic of the eye is largely generated by fibroblasts in embryonic development and can be further subdivided between the sclera, which is the opaque "white" of the eye, and the centrally located, transparent cornea, which refracts light as it passes through. Per the laws of optics, travel of light from the air (a lower-density material) into the cornea (a higher-density material) causes the angle of refraction for the light rays to be fewer degrees separated from the axis perpendicular to the cornea than the incident angle at which the light hit the cornea. This aids in preliminary focusing of light. The pigmented tunic of the eye consists of the choroid, which is a layer of vascular connective tissue containing dark pigments to absorb wavelengths of light that pass through the retina, the ciliary body, and the zonular fibers. The function of the ciliary body and the zonular fibers concerns the lens, a structure comprised principally of collagens which helps to further refract light passing through the cornea and focus it upon the retina. The ciliary body is a smooth muscle under control of the parasympathetic nervous system, whereas the zonular fibers are structures that connect the lens to the ciliary body. In its relaxed state, the ciliary body exerts tension force upon the zonular fibers, pulling the lens taut, whereas its contraction relieves tension upon the zonular fibers and allows the lens greater flexibility. This aim is of course to better enable the lens to focus incoming light upon the retina and improve visual acuity. When people report eye strain, what they actually have is usually ciliary body strain.

Before I begin discussion of the retina, I would discuss several other anatomical structures of the eye. The lens can be used to further subdivide the eye into an anterior segment (reaching from the lens to the cornea) and a larger posterior segment (reaching from the lens to the retina). Both of these delineated areas are filled with an aqueous, jellylike fluid that helps the eye keep its full volume through hydrostatic pressure and facilitates the refraction and focusing of light. The fluid that occupies the anterior segment is known as the aqueous humour, while the fluid occupying the posterior segment is called the vitreous humour. There is a minor difference in consistency, with the aqueous being somewhat thinner as a liquid than the vitreous. (Believe me, you would know if you dissected a cow eye.) In addition, the anterior segment of the eye can be sub-divided into an anterior chamber, reaching from the cornea to the iris, and a posterior chamber, reaching from the iris to the lens. Make sure not to get confused, as the posterior chamber of the anterior segment is still located anteriorly to the posterior segment. As for the iris, as most know, it contains a pupil and exists for the purpose of restricting passage of light through that pupil and blocking light rays that do not run in parallel with one another and would consequently impair visual resolution. The iris is a manner of smooth muscle controlled by the autonomic nervous system, consisting of an inner iris under parasympathetic control, which constricts the pupil with its contractions, and an outer iris under sympathetic control, which contracts to dilate the pupil. Naturally, it is desirable that the pupil should expand in situations which naturally activate the sympathetic nervous system, namely fight-or-flight scenarios, in order so that more light can reach the retina. Of course, the iris also contains pigmented molecules that gives rise to eye color, and it is the total lack of pigment in albino individuals that causes the color of the retina, posterior to the iris, to make the iris appear as red in these individuals.

Next, we may discuss the retina, which may very well be the most fascinating part of the eye, and is the eyeball's innermost layer. The retina is a sheet of photoreceptors (classified into rods and cones), bipolar cells, retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), and the axons from RGCs converging at the optic disc as they leave the eye into the optic nerve, which is also the second cranial nerve. In spite of being maintained as an example of convergent signaling, the actual neural circuit within the retina could be better characterized as "divergent" signaling, for reasons that will become evident as you continue reading. To begin true discussion of the retina, it is worth classifying the regions within the retina. Simply put, from deepest to most superficial, we have the ganglion cell layer, the inner plexiform layer, the inner nuclear layer, the outer plexiform layer, and the outer nuclear layer. Photoreceptors, which begin the circuit, are located in the outer nuclear layer and synapse with bipolar cells in the inner nuclear layer, which in turn synapse with RGCs in the ganglion cell layer. Horizontal cells in the outer plexiform layer and amacrine cells within the inner plexiform layer amplify the signal as it is transmitted from photoreceptors to bipolar cells to RGCs. As such, it can be said that the signal originating from photoreceptors diverges as it reaches a greater number of bipolar cells and a still yet greater number of RGCs.

Now we must discuss the nature of photoreceptors and how they communicate information about vision. It is important to note that rods are adapted for a system of scotopic ("night") vision whereas cones use a system of photopic ("day") vision. This becomes relevant in that different pigment molecules are located within rods and cones. Cones use the pigment photopsin and come in three varieties: S-cones, which recognize short wavelengths of light as "blue," M-cones, which recognize medium/intermediate wavelengths as "green," and L-cones, which recognize long wavelengths are "red." The final output of color vision in the primary visual cortex of the brain is ultimately dependent upon the combined output of these 3 cone types. Then, rods use a pigment called rhodopsin, which exists as a complex between opsin and another protein named retinal. Light absorption by rhodopsin causes the conformational change in retinal from cis-retinal to all-trans-retinal, resulting in retinal dissociating from opsin and activating a signal transduction protein named transducin to activate the effect of phosphodiesterase enzymes. The function of phosphodiesterase is to convert cAMP (cyclic adenosine monophosphate) and cGMP (cyclic guanosine monophosphate) into regular AMP (adenosine monophosphate) and GMP (guanosine monophosphate). Within rods, cGMP acts as a second messenger in a signal transduction cascade to modulate the openings of Na+ channels and depolarize the rods to a point of tonic glutamate release. With phosphodiesterases active, cGMP levels are reduced, but in the dark, cGMP levels and Na+ influx increase. Unlike in most excitatory glutamatergic neurons, release of glutamate by rods into the synaptic cleft separating them from bipolar cells causes hyperpolarization in bipolar cells by binding to a certain class of GPCRs (G-protein-coupled receptors), ultimately terminating signaling. Consequently, in the dark, rhodopsin levels accumulate in rods, cGMP levels rise, tonic glutamate release increases, and bipolar cells experience hyperpolarization. In the day, rhodopsin is "bleached," cGMP levels fall, tonic glutamate release decreases, and bipolar cells no longer experience hyperpolarization and signal RGCs. This outcome in the bipolar cells is attributable to a phenomenon known as rebound firing, where the threshold for the openings of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels is relatively low, allowing any return to a state of resting membrane potential following a period of hyperpolarization to initiate momentary burst firing and transitory depolarization. (If you don't know what I'm talking about, don't worry, I'll get around to explaining neurons and action potentials in the future.) So now you see (or maybe not) why cones signal in the daylight while rods are mostly active at nighttime. In the retina, rods and cones are differentially distributed, with the highest proportion of cones and lowest proportion of rods being located in the fovea centralis, the area associated with the most vivid color vision. The fovea is located within the macula lutea, which is the area of the retina associated with "central" vision. By extrapolation, one might then correctly guess that proportions of rods increase as one goes out further towards the periphery of the retina; in fact, much of perceived color vision at the periphery is not "real" but a massive interpretive work by the brain using clues from areas of color which it is actively processing. This can be exploited in quite a few optical illusions. Lastly, there is the mucous membrane known as the conjunctiva, which covers over the sclera, and the lacrimal gland, which produces tears which are in turn drained into the nasolacrimal duct.

Alright, I think that covers pretty much everything relating directly to the anatomy of the eye. I realize there is a lot of highly specialized medical and scientific terminology some of our readers may not be familiar with, but I'm hoping that if this gets published it arouses people's natural curiosity to want to ask questions and know more!

Until next time, Marcus Vespasian signing out.

Continue reading..

  10KI Update - January 2020
Posted by: HumanSanity - 02-13-2020, 05:16 PM - Replies (1)

[Image: EmRprtJan2020.png]

Greetings, friends of the 10000 Islands! Our monthly report on our region is now out, which can be seen in the image above. If you wish to see the whole report, please click this link to see the pertaining dispatch.

Continue reading..

  Form submission: Shareholder (Citizenship) Form
Posted by: Ikania - 02-09-2020, 11:18 PM - Replies (2)

Did you submit this using a IP proxy?: No

Nation in Lazarus: Ikania

WA Nation: Ikania

NS Identities: Variously known as Wycliffe.

Have you been accused of any crime/s in other regions?: I am, to my knowledge, still P.N.G. in Europeia for screwing with a guy's discord when Firehelm raided Anarchy in early 2017. The reason given was "forum destruction", but I have always disputed that label, and remain apologetic for my actions. I'd be happy to discuss this more in-depth if needed, as I think the charge, while a mistake on my part, doesn't qualify for the black mark deservedly held against real forum destroyers.

Have you participated in any other region/s?: I've been around since 2013. I've been the leader of Nesapo and Grand Central, a citizen in every GCR except the NPO. In Lazarus I used to be head of the Lazarene Gazette, and I served in many GCR governments at some point. I've also been a member of the Grey Wardens, HYDRA and Firehelm at various points.

Do you affirm this information is correct?: Yes

Oath of Membership: From this time forward, I voluntarily without mental reservation or purpose of evasion, pledge my loyalty to Lazarus and her people, whose community ideals I share, whose rights and liberties I respect, and whose laws I will uphold and obey.

What areas of the region are you most interested in?: Media & Reporting i.e. writing articles for the region,All of the above

Continue reading..

Posted by: Polytropos - 02-09-2020, 06:04 PM - Replies (1)

Greetings everyone, I'm the NS forum puzzle thread person Big Grin looking to join a GCR.

Continue reading..

  Form submission: Shareholder (Citizenship) Form
Posted by: Polytropos - 02-09-2020, 06:02 PM - Replies (1)

Did you submit this using a IP proxy?: No

Nation in Lazarus: Polytropos

WA Nation:

NS Identities: 0110110101100101

Have you been accused of any crime/s in other regions?: no

Have you participated in any other region/s?: no

Do you affirm this information is correct?: Yes

Oath of Membership: From this time forward, I voluntarily without mental reservation or purpose of evasion, pledge my loyalty to Lazarus and her people, whose community ideals I share, whose rights and liberties I respect, and whose laws I will uphold and obey.

What areas of the region are you most interested in?: Legislature i.e. discussing and proposing laws,Foreign Affairs i.e. being an ambassador to another region,Media & Reporting i.e. writing articles for the region

Continue reading..

  Form submission: Diplomatic Application
Posted by: LGW - 02-06-2020, 04:56 PM - Replies (1)

What region are you representing?: United Kingdom

Are you replacing another ambassador?: No

If so, who are you replacing?:

What has brought you to Lazarus?: We are looking for better relations with other regions!

Are you considering opening an embassy?: Yes

Continue reading..

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